The Difference Between Callus and Corn

Oct 1, 2023

At The Foot Practice, a premier podiatry clinic catering to health & medical needs, we specialize in providing expert foot care services. One common question we encounter is the difference between callus and corn. In this informative article, we will elaborate on these two foot conditions, their causes, symptoms, and treatment options available.

Understanding Callus

Callus, also known as hyperkeratosis, is the thickening and hardening of the skin due to repeated friction, pressure, or irritation. It usually occurs on the soles of the feet, particularly under the heels and on the balls of the feet. Calluses develop as a natural defense mechanism by the body to protect the underlying tissues from further damage.

Most commonly, calluses are a result of ill-fitting footwear, excessive walking or running, or certain biomechanical factors like flat feet or high arches. Individuals who perform activities that put repetitive pressure on their feet, such as dancers or athletes, are prone to developing calluses.

The symptoms of callus include a thick, rough, and hardened area of skin that may be yellowish or grayish in color. It may or may not cause discomfort or pain, depending on its location and severity.

Exploring Corn

Unlike calluses, corns are smaller and have a more defined shape, often appearing as concentrated areas of thickened skin with a central core. Corns can occur on the top, sides, or between the toes. They are the body's response to increased pressure, friction, or rubbing in specific areas.

There are two primary types of corns:

  1. Hard Corns: These corns have a hard and dense center, surrounded by inflamed skin. They usually occur on the tops or sides of the toes, where bony prominences or poorly fitting shoes cause pressure.
  2. Soft Corns: Soft corns are formed when the skin between the toes stays moist for an extended period. They appear white and rubbery, often causing discomfort and pain. Moisture, warmth, and inadequate drying are the main culprits behind soft corns.

It is essential to note that both calluses and corns can be painful depending on their size, location, and pressure exerted on them. They can make walking or wearing shoes unpleasant. To avoid unnecessary discomfort, it is crucial to seek professional podiatric care to address these foot conditions.

Treatment Options

When it comes to addressing calluses and corns, seeking the expertise of a licensed podiatrist is highly recommended. At The Foot Practice, our skilled podiatrists are well-equipped to accurately diagnose and provide tailored treatment options based on the individual's unique condition and needs.

The treatment options for calluses and corns may encompass:

  • Regular debridement to gently remove the thickened skin and reduce the discomfort.
  • Footwear recommendations to ensure proper fit and reduce pressure and friction.
  • Custom orthotics or shoe inserts to redistribute pressure and provide cushioning.
  • Addressing underlying biomechanical issues to correct abnormal foot mechanics.
  • Moisturizing creams or ointments to keep the skin hydrated and minimize the risk of further development.
  • Education on preventive measures and foot care routines to maintain optimal foot health.

It is important to note that over-the-counter treatments, such as corn plasters or medicated pads, can potentially worsen the condition if not used correctly. Seeking professional guidance ensures a safer and more effective outcome.

Prevention is Key

To prevent the recurrence of calluses and corns, it is crucial to address the underlying causes and practice proper foot care. Some helpful preventive measures include:

  • Wearing comfortable and well-fitting shoes that provide adequate support.
  • Using protective padding or cushions in areas prone to excessive pressure.
  • Regularly moisturizing the feet to keep the skin supple and prevent dryness.
  • Keeping the toenails trimmed to avoid ingrown nails and further irritation.
  • Using orthotic devices or shoe inserts to promote proper foot alignment.
  • Applying sunscreen to the feet when exposed to the sun for an extended period.

Consult The Foot Practice Today

At The Foot Practice, our dedicated team of podiatrists and foot care specialists strive to provide the highest quality care for our patients. If you are experiencing discomfort, pain, or have concerns about calluses, corns, or any other foot-related issues, we are here to help.

Book an appointment with us today to receive a comprehensive assessment, accurate diagnosis, and personalized treatment plan. Your feet deserve the best care, and we are committed to helping you achieve optimal foot health.

difference callus and corn
Rob Davies
Thanks for the detailed explanation! Now I know the difference between callus and corn.
Nov 8, 2023
Suzanne Risley
Great explanation! ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿผ Helped clear things up!
Oct 29, 2023
Sean Beansie
Great article! I finally understand the difference between callus and corn. ๐Ÿ™Œ๐Ÿผ Thanks for the clear explanation!
Oct 25, 2023
Nicole Farb
Thank you for clarifying the differences between callus and corn! I've always found it confusing. Very informative!
Oct 18, 2023
John Heil
This article really cleared up the confusion between callus and corn! ๐Ÿ‘ Very helpful and informative! ๐Ÿ˜Š
Oct 15, 2023
Ridge Reid
This article explained the difference between callus and corn so clearly! Very informative!
Oct 8, 2023
Michael Mazzaferro
Great explanation! Very helpful for understanding foot conditions ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ˜Š
Oct 4, 2023